Modelling cloud computing environment towards accessible information communication technology integration in primary schools
Cloud Computing technology has developed with the proliferation of the Internet, broadband access networks and high-speed processors. This has led to the development of software defined networks and storage, to respond promptly to the requirements of users and applications. Information and communication technologies when employing cloud computing can open up new opportunities that can improve delivery of education. In financing the acquisition of ICT technologies for integration in education in Kenya, there is need for proper planning to realize accessibility of ICT Integration in education. The purpose of the study was to model the use of cloud computing so as to make ICT integration in primary school education accessible. These was achieved by assessing the ICT technologies being used for integration, analyzing the human capacity for managing ICT integration, developing a cloud computing environment model towards accessible integration of ICT and a cloud computing accessibility evaluation tool to assess the level of accessibility of ICT integration in primary schools. The study was guided by the design science research design. The design was used in the study to do a background research in order to collect data on the ICT technologies being used in schools and the ICT human capacity for managing the technologies. It was then used to develop a model. The target population was (425) Primary schools. The sample frame included 100 schools which had ICT equipment. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the schools where a sample size of (30) was obtained. A head teacher (1) and two (2) teachers from each school were used in the study corresponding to (90) respondents. The primary data was collected using questionnaires and guided interviews. To stablish content and face validity the study involved a team of three (3) experts while reliability was obtained through a pilot study. Data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The study found out that, hardware devices dominant in schools were mostly laptops, tablets and projectors. The learning management system was found to be the most important system required for accessible ICT integration in education. It was also found that technical skills were highly required, followed by basic hardware skills and green Computing skills. Training in ICT is thus required to develop a competent human capacity for successful accessible ICT integration in education. The study also established that Internet connection in schools was very key in the integration process yet many schools were not connected. The findings of the study provides an Integrated Cloud Computing Environment Model that can used to realize accessible ICT Integration in education. This will guide the government and education stakeholders in planning for ICT integration of in primary schools. The model was used to develop a Cloud Computing Accessibility Evaluation Tool that can be used by the MOE to assess ICT integration accessibility level in primary schools.
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