The majority of people in Africa use plant based traditional medicines for their
care. Demand for medicinal plants is increasing in Africa as the population grows.
The threat posed by over-exploitation of medicinal plants has serious implications
on the survival of several plant species, many of which are faced with extinction.
The pharmaceutical potentials of African medicinal plants are immense. But
constraints and challenges exist at all levels. This paper discusses these constraints
and challenges in relation to conservation, science and technology, use of
medicinal plants at the local level, the domestic drug production sector,
marketing, safety and efficacy requirements. Measures and strategies for
enhancing the development of a medicinal and aromatic plants industry in Africa